Maintaining a proper and balanced ration for pregnant Desi/Indigenous cows is crucial for the health of cows and the growth and development of calves. Providing a nutritious and balanced diet can also help reduce the risk of health complications during and after pregnancy. The Government of Himachal Pradesh has an initiative or scheme that is aimed at the maintenance of pregnant Desi/Indigenous cows ration for BPL families of all categories of livestock farmers.
About 6.5 Lakh cows and buffaloes become pregnant every year in the state. They remain in lactation for about 6 to 7th months of pregnancy, thereafter a dry period of three months is given to them so that the calf may develop properly and yield optimum milk in the coming lactation. Due to small land holdings, the BPL families of the state cannot provide nutritious and balanced diets to pregnant animals. Thus the health of the mother and calf is affected and an underweight calf is born through the cow has the capacity to yield optimum milk but due to a lack of nutritious and balanced ration, it does not yield milk up to its capacity. The department, due to its limited resources cannot assist the farmers in providing nutritious diets to their pregnant animals. Therefore, under this scheme cattle feed to pregnant cows will be provided at a 50% subsidy to these families for the last trimester (three months) of pregnancy.
- Increase in milk production thereby providing more economic gains to the farmers.
- To reduce the inter-calving period which will ultimately result in more calves and higher milk production.
- To improve the health of pregnant cows so that their full milk production potential can be realized after parturition.
- To ensure the birth of healthy calves free of diseases and malnutrition so that they grow to become higher-producing animals.
- As the incentive is being given to Desi/Indigenous cows the farmers can be motivated to rear such animals.
The scheme for maintenance of pregnant Desi/Indigenous cows ration for BPL families of all categories of livestock farmers in Himachal Pradesh can have a significant impact on the health and livelihoods of farmers, as well as the overall development of the region. This scheme in Himachal Pradesh can have several benefits, such as:
Improved cow health: A balanced and nutritious diet for pregnant cows can improve their health and reduce the risk of health complications during and after pregnancy.
Improved calf growth and development: A well-fed pregnant cow can provide better nutrition to the growing calf, leading to better growth and development.
Increased milk production: Adequate nutrition can improve the milk production of the cow, leading to increased income for the farmer.
Better breed quality: The scheme can also include provisions for breed improvement, leading to better quality Desi/Indigenous cows that can provide better milk yield and meat quality.
Employment generation: The scheme can create employment opportunities in the feed and fodder development sector, leading to better livelihoods for farmers.
Reduced poverty: The scheme can help BPL families and all categories of livestock farmers to improve their income and reduce poverty.
Improved food security: Improved milk production and better quality meat can contribute to better food security in the region.
- After feeding a balanced ration during the last trimester of pregnancy, milk production increased by 2 ltr/day.
- With the assumption that during lactation of 300 days, the farmer will market this milk at @ 30/ltr, his income will increase by Rs.18000/year (Approx.).
Families belonging to the BPL category rearing Desi/Indigenous cows will be provided a balanced ration @ 3 kg/day/cow for a maximum of two animals for three months during the last trimester of pregnancy at a 50% subsidy.
- A balanced ration will be provided @ 3kg/day/cow for three months (last trimester of pregnancy).
- The cost will be shared by the Govt. and beneficiary on a 50:50 basis.
- The cost of feed will depend upon the tender/approved rates.
- Livestock owners belonging to BPL families of all categories rearing Desi/Indigenous/crossbred cows.
- The subsidy will be provided to each BPL family of all categories maximum upto two Desi/Indigenous cows and their crosses.
Non-eligibility of non-BPL families: The scheme may only be applicable to BPL families, and non-BPL families may not be eligible for the benefits of the scheme.
Non-compliance with guidelines: Farmers who do not comply with the guidelines and regulations of the scheme may not be eligible for benefits.
There are the following Application Process & steps that farmers may need to follow to apply for the scheme are:
1. Visit the official website of the concerned department of the Government of Himachal Pradesh, which implements the specific scheme.
2. Look for the scheme for maintenance of pregnant Desi/Indigenous cows ration for BPL families of all categories of livestock farmers.
3. Read the guidelines and eligibility criteria of the scheme carefully.
4. Fill out the application form for the scheme, which is available online at (https://hpahdbt.hp.gov.in/Home/cow_ration_under_general_bpl).
5. Attach the necessary documents as required by the scheme, such as proof of BPL status, land documents, and bank account details.
6. Submit the application form and documents to the concerned department or authority.
7. Check the status & Follow up with the concerned department to track the status of the application.
It is important for farmers to keep a copy of the application form and documents submitted for future reference. Additionally, farmers should ensure that they comply with the guidelines and regulations of the scheme to ensure that they are eligible for the benefits of the scheme.