Phase II of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) [SBM(G)], will focus on sustainability of Open Defecation Free (ODF) status and Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) in rural India. The programme will work towards ensuring that no one is left behind and everyone uses a toilet. SBM(G) Phase-II will be implemented from 2020-21 to 2024-25 in a mission mode.
Government of India launched Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) on 2nd October, 2014 to accelerate efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage, improve cleanliness and eliminate open defecation in India by 2nd October 2019. The nation-wide campaign was a jan andolan aimed at eliminating open defecation during the period 2014 to 2019 through mass scale behavior change, construction of household-owned and community-owned toilets, and establishing an accountable mechanism for monitoring toilet use. Under the mission, all villages, States/UTs of India declared themselves ODF by 2 October 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi
SBM(G) Phase-II was launched in February, 2020 with the focus to sustain the Open Defecation Free (ODF) status.
- Provision of access to toilets to any left-out households and newly emerged households by the construction of IHHLs and CSCs. Financial support of Rs – 12,000 for APL and BPL Rural households including storage for handwashing and cleaning of the toilet
- Biodegradable waste management through composting and biogas plants (GOBAR-DHAN).
- Collection, segregation and storage facilities and setting up of plastic waste management units/material recovery centres for plastic waste management.
- Construction of soak pits, waste stabilisation ponds, DEWATS, etc. for greywater management.
- Faecal sludge management through co-treatment in existing Sewage Treatment Plants/Faecal Sludge Treatment Plants (STPs/FSTPs) in nearby urban areas and setting up of FSTPs under the programme.
- Decentralised operation and maintenance of community sanitation assets in rural areas by Gram Panchayats.
- IEC and special campaigns
- Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav (AKAM)
- Das ka Dam Swachhata har dam
- Swachhata Filmon ka Amrit Mahotsav
- Start-up Grand Challenge
- Swachh Survekshan Grameen (SSG) Phase-II
- Capacity Building Initiatives
- Swachhata Action Plan (SAP)
- Swachh Iconic Places (SIP)
The Government of India provided a total outlay of Rs. 1.40,881 crores (USO 20 billion) to facilitate the transformation of villages from ODFto ODF Plus.
Further, India has made Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which is to ensure clean water and sanitation for all, a national mission.
Order of Preference
- Persons with disability
- Widow/old age pensioners
- Landless labourers with homestead
- Small farmers
- Marginal farmers
- Women headed households
The construction of household toilets may be undertaken by:
the individual beneficiaries themselves with support from agencies.
Community Model through agencies in the village.
States may also decide to give the incentive to the individuals, or to communities where the model is adopted to trigger the demand in GPs/Blocks/Districts, or to the Gram Panchayats on the achievement of community objectives.
- Any incentive for the IHHL, provided to the community/GP, if given, shall be used only for sanitation activities.
- Government shall ensure that the quality of toilet is maintained through sample physical verification through its officers
- Aadhar Number
- Bank Account Detail* – Passbook